In 1998, Oregon voters passed Oregon Ballot Measure 67, establishing the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act and allowing the cultivation, possession and use of marijuana by patients with written recommendations from physicians for certain medical conditions. However, licensed dispensaries did not open until 2014, under House Bill 3460 . In the same year, Oregon voters passed Measure 91, authorizing the Oregon Liquor Control Commission to begin regulating recreational marijuana businesses.
One of the biggest challenges in Oregon has been the complete separation of the supply chains for the medical and recreational marijuana markets. Oregon has made limited adjustments, such as the licensing of medical canopy by OLCC producers and the ability for OMMP growers to transfer up to 20 lbs of marijuana per year to the OLCC market.
While Oregon’s market for marijuana is large, the market is oversaturated, leading to dramatic declines in the price of recreational marijuana. The state distributed $95M in tax revenue from the recreational marijuana market by September 2017, only a year and a half after beginning to accept applications for recreational marijuana businesses.
As of April 2018, Oregon had over 45,000 registered patients and 22,000 registered growers. This is a decrease since the peak of 73,000 in 2016; a change likely due to the introduction of the recreational market.
Content updated July 30, 2018.